In Malappuram there are many places which are of religious importance. The temples and mosques in this district celebrate a number of fairs and festivals. The major religious community in Malappuram is Muslims and so there are numerous mosques in Malappuram. Some of the major temples in Malappuram are Kadampuzha Devi temple, Thirunavaya Temple, Vellamassery Garudan Kavu, Alathiyur Hanuman Temple etc. There are some famous mosques in Malappuram which includes Pazhayangadi Mosque, Ponnani Juma Masjid, Jamaat Mosque, Mampuram Mosque etc.
Temples in Malappuram
Kadampuzha Devi Temple
Kadampuzha Devi temple is dedicated tso goddess Vana Durga and is located in Malappuram district. The architecture of the temple is very simple. It is believed to be around 1900 years old. It is under the control of the Malabar Devaswom board. In this temple, the goddess is worshipped in 3 forms namely Vidhya Durga, Vana Durga and Aadi Durga. Vidhya Durga is considered to bless the devotees for having a better education and career life. Vana Durga is believed to bless the devotees for marriage, health and good living. Aadi Durga is considered to bless the devotees with wealth.
Thirunavaya Navamukunda Temple
This temple which is dedicated to Lord Vishnu is located in Thirunavaya near Ponnani. It lies on the banks of the river Bharathapuzha. The other deities include Ganapathy, Lakshmi etc. It was from this temple that the ancient festival called Mamankam festival was conducted which was held once in 12 years. Lord Vishnu here is worshipped as Nava Mukundan because it is believed that this shrine is the 9th one that was installed by the saints Navayogis. Thirunavaya is a major pilgrim center in Kerala and is visited by numerous devotees for offering the ritual Bali during Karkidaka Vavu. The annual festival in this temple is held in the Malayalam month Meenam and lasts for 10 days.
Vellamassery Garudan Kavu
This temple which is dedicated to Garuda is the only Garuda temple in India. It is located in Tirur and is around 1800 years old. People believe that offering prayers in this temple would help in disease recovery and also relief from snake poison. Idol of Garuda in this temple is in the flying form and has its own special features. One of the rare practices here is that live snakes are offered to the Lord Garuda. People in the temple or the neighborhood area of the temple are not affected by snake bites which is a miracle. All Sundays are important days especially the Madalam season. Annually Vrishchika Mandala time is celebrated as the Garuda festival.
Chamravattom Sastha temple is located near Tirur and is dedicated to Lord Ayyappa. This temple was sculptured by Perunthachan and is a very beautiful temple. It lies on the banks of river Bharathapuzha and the idol of this temple is places in the level of the river. The idol appears to be below the sanctum sanctorum which is rare. During monsoon season the water from the river overflows covering the temple with water. The holy bathing of the idol called Arattu is performed during that time.
This temple is located in Angadipuram. The deities in this temple are Thirumanthamkunnilamma and Ganapathy. In front of the temple there is a Chaver thara in memory of the chaver of Valluvanad Raja. The ceiling of the temple is beautifully carved with sculptures depicting scenes from Ramayana and mural paintings. The annual festival in this temple is held in March-April and is called Pooram festival that’s lasts for 11 days. This temple is one among the 108 Siva temples in Kerala.
Perumthrikovil Hanuman Kavu Temple
This Hanuman temple is located in Alathiyur and is an ancient temple. This temple is around 3000 years old. The main deity here is Lord Rama; even then this temple is famous as a Hanuman temple. There is a platform in this temple constructed in memory of Lord Hanumans jump to the sea. People perform the ritual by running on the platform and jump over a granite block on the end of the platform. Devotees believe that by doing this their desires will be fulfilled. An offering made here is the Kuzhacha Avil mainly done by those who wish to go abroad.
Thrikkavu Sri Durga Bhagavathy Temple
Thrikkavu Temple is located in Ponnani and is an ancient temple. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Bhagavathy and this temple is one of the 108 Durga temples consecrated by Parasurama. The idol of the goddess has 4 arms and is worshipped in two forms namely Durga and Saraswathi. Some other temples located on the temple complex includes Krishna temple, Upa Devatha temples etc. The main festival celebrated here is the Navarathri and the ritual Vidyarambham is also performed by thousands of devotees.
Pulamanthole Sree Rudra Dhanwanthari Temple
Sree Rudra Dhanwanthari Temple is located in Pulamanthole which is a small town in Malappuram. Pulamanthole Mana is a famous Ashta vaidya family in Kerala and is famous for their Ayurvedic treatments. This temple is the family temple of Ashta vaidya Pulamanthole Mooss and is an ancient temple believed to be around 3500 years old. There are idols of Lord Siva and Dhanwanthari here and the devotees believe that offering prayers would cure them from all ailments.
Idathupuram Sree Krishna Temple
It is a Sree Krishna Temple located in Idathupuram near Perunthalmanna. The deity in this temple is Sree Krishna and the sub deities include Lord Ganapathy and Ayyappa. This temple was believed to be consecrated by the famous poet Poonthanam. One of the important days celebrated in this temple is the Poonthanam Day which is celebrated on his birthday that occurs on the star Thiruvathira in the Malayalam month Kumbam. Other festival conducted here is the Guruvayur Ekadashi.
This temple is located in Kottakkal and has Lord Shiva as the main deity. The interior of the temple is very beautiful and the walls of sanctum sanctorum are painted with 64 different types of mural paintings. The murals are divided by paintings of birds in garland form as well as flower-garland. The annual festival celebrated here is the Venkattathevar Utsavam which is held in April.
This temple is located in Tanur and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. It is an ancient temple and is around 3000 years old.
Sree Viswambhara Temple
This temple is located in Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala Complex in Kottakkal and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Kottakkal is famous for the Ayurvedic treatments as well as the Kottakkal Pooram held in this temple. Kottakkal Pooram is the annual festival of this temple and is held during March-April that lasts for 7 days. This festival is celebrated in order to honor Dhanwanthari who is the incarnation of Lord Vishnu and is also regarded as the God of health and medicine. One of the main attractions of this temple festival is the performance of various art forms by famous artists.
Some other main temples in Malappuram are
Arangot Siva Kshetram, Mankada Kootil Shiva Temple, Ramapuram Sreerama Temple, Kadannamanna Thekkineadath Temple, Tali temple at Angadipuram, Melethrikovil Temple and Kizhethrikovil temple, Narasimhamoorthy Temple at Ramapuram etc.
Churches in Malappuram
Some of the churches in Malappuram district are
St.Joseph’s Church, St Thomas Aquinas Church at Thenhipalam, Our Lady of Health Chapel at Kottakkal, Holy Cross Church at Manjeri, Infant Jesus Church at Nilambur, St. Joseph’s Church at Moothedam, Lourdes Church at Perinthalmanna etc.
Mosques in Malappuram
Pazhayangadi Mosque is a very old mosque located in Malappuram district. It is said to be around 500 years old and is also called as the Kondotty mosque. This mosque is dedicated to Muhammad Shah who was a holy man. He is popularly called as Kondotty Thangal. It is constructed in the Mughal style. The mosque has a magnificent dome and is white in color.
Ponnani Juma Masjid
Ponnani Juma Masjid is located in Malappuram district. Ponnani is nicknamed as the ‘Makkah of Kerala Muslims’. This masjid was established in the year 1510. This mosque is built in the Traditional Kerala architecture. It was constructed by Zainudhin makhdum who was a Muslim spiritual leader. The architect of this mosque was a Hindu artisan who was a close friend of Makhdum and was known as Ashaari.
Jamaat mosque is an important mosque in Malappuram and is around 280 years old. This mosque was built by a Hindu family. The architecture of this mosque is similar to that of a temple pattern with white walls and blue painted doors. Near to this mosque lies the mausoleum of the Mallapuram shaheeds who became martyrs in the Mappila Ballads. The annual festival of this mosque lasts for 4 days and is held in April.
This mosque is an important pilgrim center and is located in Tirurangadi. This mosque is related to the Mappila Lahala of 1921. People irrespective of caste and religion come to this mosque to make offerings and the main offering done here is the incense sticks. This mosque is famous for the Mampuram Nercha.
This mosque is located in Angadipuram and is an ancient mosque. This mosque has 2 buildings within the same compound. There are Arabic inscriptions in this mosque which explains the importance of this mosque.
Puthenpalli mosque at Perumpadappa is also a famous mosque of this district.