Idukki which is a landlocked district is blessed with nature’s beauty. The nature attractions in Idukki include hills, valleys, rivers and waterfalls. The hill stations here offer adventurous activities like trekking, elephant rides etc. There are extensive reserve forests which are rich in a wide variety of flora and fauna. The main hill stations in Idukki are Munnar, Devikulam, Chithirapuram, Mattupetti, Peermede etc. There are numerous waterfalls here and some of the main include Attukal falls, Cheeyapara falls, Chellarkovil falls, Nyayamkadu falls, Thommankuthu falls, Powerhouse waterfalls etc. The wildlife reserves in idukki are Eravikulam, Idukki wildlife, Chinnar and Periyar wildlife. These places are all attracted by a large number of tourists. The main places of interests in Idukki are given below
Devikulam is a hill station in Idukki district. It is at a distance of 16 kms from Munnar. The word meaning of Devikulam is ‘the pond of Devi’. It is named so because the people believe that Goddess Sita arrived here and took bath in this lake. This hill is situated at a height of 1800 m above sea level.
Chithirapuram is situated in Idukki district at a distance of about 10 kms from Munnar. This is a hill town and is famous for the tea plantations here. Chithirapuram is on top of the Sahyadri. It is here that the Pallivasal Hydel Power Project is located. This hill station is a very beautiful place that can attract a large number of tourists.
Mattupetti is a hill station situated in Idukki district at a distance of 13 kms from Munnar. It has a height of about 1700 m above sea level and lies in Western Ghat. It is well famous for its specialized dairy farm called as The Indo – Swiss Livestock Project. There are different varieties of cattle found here. The visitors can take a look at some of the cattle sheds in this farm.
Munnar is a very famous hill station which is located in Idukki district. It lies at the confluence of three mountain rivulets namely Mudrapuzha, Nallathani and Kundala. The word meaning of Munnar is “Moonnu” meaning three and “Aaru” meaning river. Since it is at a confluence of three rivers, it is called so. The mountains have a height of around 5000 to 8000 ft above sea level.
Peermede is a hill station situated in Idukki district and is at a height of about 915 m above sea level. This hill station was the resting place of the Travancore Maharajas. The area is greenery with the presence of tea, coffee, rubber and eucalyptus plantation together with the pine forests. The word meaning of Peermede is ‘The hill of Peer’. Peermede got its name from the Sufi saint Peer Mohammed who was an associate of the rulers.
Rajamala hill station is located in Idukki district and is at a distance of 15 kms from Munnar. It is located at a height of 2695 m above sea level. The Nilgiri Tahr which is an endangered species is found here. Tourists come here mainly to take a glimpse of this animal. People can get engaged in various adventurous activities like rock climbing, mountaineering etc.
Vagamon is a hill station that lies in the Kottayam Idukki border. It has a height of 1100 m above sea level. This comprises of three hills Thangal hills, the Kurisumala and the Murugan hills. All these three hills are dedicated to the three religions Muslim, Christianity and Hinduism respectively.
Tata tea museum is located in Munnar in Idukki district which is very famous for its tea plantations. The tea museum concentrates on the aspects such as the evolution and growth of tea plantations in this area. This museum is opened by the Tata tea and was started in the year 2004. It lies at the Nallathanni Estate of Tata Tea. There are many photographs, curios and machineries that have been used since olden times displayed here.
Attukal waterfalls lies between Munnar and Pallivasal and the view of this waterfall is a feast to the eye. This place is a favorite trekking place of many and is ideal for the same.
Cheeyappara waterfall is situated between Neriamangalam and Adimali. It is considered as one of the most excellent waterfalls of Kerala. The sight of the water cascading through the seven steps is very beautiful. It is an important tourist destination.
Chellarkoil is a small village in Idukki district. Here there are many plains and waterfalls which is very beautiful. This village is border to the coconut groves of Cumbum in Tamil Nadu.
Nyayamkad waterfall is situated in Idukki district. It lies between Munnar and Rajamala. This beautiful waterfall flows from a hill at a height of 1600 m. This is an ideal place for trekking and as a picnic spot.
Power House Waterfalls
Power house waterfall that falls from a height of 2000 m is a very magnificent waterfall. It is situated on the way to Thekkady near Munnar. This waterfall originates from Devikulam River which according to legend says that Goddess Sita had taken bath from here. This water is believed to have medicinal properties.
Rainbow waterfall is situated about 25 kms from Thodupuzha in Idukki district. It is also called as Keezharkuth waterfalls. It falls at a height of 1500 m. It is surrounded by forest which is believed to be rich in various medicinal plants.
Thommankuthu waterfall is a small and beautiful waterfall that is situated near Thodupuzha in Idukki district. This waterfall is named after a tribal leader named Thomman who was washed away in this waterfall while crossing the river. This waterfall has seven steps and cascades down from a height of 1500 m.
Thoovanam waterfalls lie in the Chinnar wildlife sanctuary. It is situated near Marayoor in Idukki district. It originates from the part of the Pamba River that flows through the sanctuary. In order to reach this waterfall one has to trek from the Karimutti forest station.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Devikulam in Idukki district. The area around this sanctuary is a protected area and it was declared as a sanctuary in the year 1984. The main vegetation found here are dry thorny forests; it is because this area receives rain only 48 days in a year. Besides there are other vegetative types such as deciduous forests, shoals, grasslands etc. Due to the variation in altitude the area will be plain or covered with rocks and cliffs.
The Eravikulam National Park is situated in the Idukki district. The park is bordered by Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and the tea estates of Munnar. It lies at a height of 450 m to 748 m above sea level. It was established with the aim of protecting the endangered species Nilgiri Tahr.
Idukki wildlife sanctuary is located near Thodupuzha in Idukki district of Kerala. It was established in the year 1984 and is at a height of 450 to 750 m above sea level. This sanctuary spreads over 77 sq kms of land. It lies between two rivers namely Cheruthoni river and Periyar river.
The Periyar Tiger reserve is located in Thekkady in Idukki district. Periyar is a protected area that covers 925 sq kms of land. Around 350 sq kms of this area has been considered as the Periyar national Park and Tiger Reserve. It is also called as Thekkady wildlife. The Periyar sanctuary was declared as a Tiger Reserve under the Project Tiger Scheme and it is a major centre of attraction for all the tourists.
Echo point is located near Munnar in Idukki district. It is at a height of 6000 feet above sea level. This place got its name due to the echo phenomenon that is found here. It is an adventure tourism centre where the popular activities are nature walk and trekking.
It is a place ideal for adventure tourism and trekking. This picturesque plantation town is surrounded by lush green trees and the fragrance of cardamom is filled in the air.
Grampi which is also known as Parunthupara or eagle rock is a high peak with rocky plains and lush hills. The view of the plains from here is very beautiful and there are large stretches of spice plantations in the plains.
Pothamedu is an important tourist destination for the trekkers and adventure tourists. This place is also famous for the tea and coffee plantations here. It is an ideal place for trekking.
Top Station is a beautiful hill station which is located near Munnar. It is at a height of 1700 m above sea level and is the highest point on Munnar-Kodaikanal Road. It is a very famous hill spots in Kerala.
Kumily is a town near Thekkady. It is a major tourist destination and a spices trading center.