Alappuzha is connected to other places by railways, roadways and waterways. There are two railway lines that pass through Alappuzha which is the Ernakulam-Kollam railway line via Kottayam and Alappuzha. The main railway stations in Alappuzha district are Alappuzha, Harippad,Chertala, Ambalapuzha, Kalavur, Thakazhi, Arur, Karuvatta, Tumboli, Chengannur, Kayamkulam Junction, Turavur, Cheppad, Mararikulam, Vayalar, Cheriyanad, Mavelikara, Ezhuppunna and Punnapra railway stations.
The length of the PWD roads in Alappuzha is estimated to be around 967 kms as indicated in 1990. Alappuzha is connected to other places by State Highways, National Highways and district roads. The State Highways that starts from Alappuzha are SH 11, SH 40, SH 66. Some other State Highways that pass through Alappuzha district are SH 1, SH 5, SH 6, SH 10 and SH 12. The National Highway through Alappuzha is NH 47. A small section of NH 220 also passes through a small part of Alappuzha district. The main bus stations in Alappuzha district are Alappuzha, Cherthala, Kayamkulam, Chengannur, Harippad, Edathua and Mavelikara Bus Stations.
As there are many water bodies in Alappuzha the canals play a great role in the water transportation. In Alappuzha there is a commercial port which was established by the Diwan of Travancore named Raja Kesavadas. Some of the villages here are only accessible by waterways. There are ferry services to all the water logged areas. Vembanadu Lake is the most important part of the West coast canal navigation system that starts from Hosdurg to Thiruvananthapuram. Alappuzha is connected by waterways to places such as Kochi, Kottayam, Chengannur and Changanasseri. The major water transportation operating centers in Alappuzha district are Alappuzha, Nedumudy, Kavalam, Pulincunnu, Edathua, Muhamma and Panavally Stations.
In Alappuzha there is no airport. The nearest airport to this district is the Cochin International Airport which is at a distance of 64 kms. Thiruvananthapuram International Airport is at a distance of 159 kms from Alappuzha district.