The services provided by the government to its citizens are called as public service. They do this either directly or financing the private sector.
Kerala Public Service Commission
A body constituted by the Indian constitution for advising the government on all matters is called Kerala Public Service Commission. They can advise the government about the matters related to civil service. They publish any notifications regarding details about the job opportunities in the state and can invite the applications for various selection processes. The guidelines for filling the forms and applying for the post are given by the commission. They are also responsible for conducting tests for the various posts and prepare a rank list of the applicants based on their performance. The Head Office of Public Service Commission is in Thiruvananthapuram. The regional head offices are in Ernakulam, Kollam and Kozhikode. The members and Chairman of the commission are appointed by the Governor of Kerala.
In Travancore there was a Public Service Commissioner whose function was to select the candidates for recruiting to various posts under the Government. The first Public Service Commissioner was G.D. Nokes. The Office in Travancore functioned until the integration of Travancore and Cochin States. In 1936, a Staff Selection Board was constituted in Cochin for selecting the candidates to lower posts. In 1947 the Cochin Public Service Commission was formed.
In 1949, the Travancore-Cochin State was formed by integrating the States of Travancore and Cochin. As a result a Public Service Commission for these states was also constituted. The functions of this Public Service Commission were the same. When the state of Kerala was formed on 1st November 1956 the Travancore-Cochin Public Service Commission was converted to the Kerala Public Service Commission.
One of the main duties of the Kerala Public Service Commission is to make recruitment to various vacancies in the state. The recruitment can be made in various posts under
- The services of the state
- The Kerala State Electricity Board
- The Kerala State Road Transport Corporation
- The Local Authorities
- The Co-operative Sector and various other companies
The recruitment can be made in two ways. One is through direct recruitment and the other is through recruitment by transfer. The person to be appointed should have minimum educational qualification as specified in the rules. The person will be appointed to any posts only if he satisfies all the criteria such as health, age, character etc.